Nutrition and Athletes: Position paper of Dietitians of Canada

The Dietitians of Canada, American College of Sports Nutrition and the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics published a 2016 position paper entitled: "Nutrition and Athletic Performance." It is a scientifically rigorous paper coming from three very reputable organizations. 


Abstract

It is the position of Dietitians of Canada, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and the American College of Sports Medicine that the performance of, and recovery from, sporting activities are enhanced by well-chosen nutrition strategies. These organizations provide guidelines for the appropriate type, amount, and timing of intake of food, fluids, and supplements to promote optimal health and performance across different scenarios of training and competitive sport.
This position paper was prepared for members of Dietitians of Canada (DC), the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (Academy) and the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), other professional associations, government agencies, industry, and the public. It outlines the stance of DC, the Academy and ACSM on nutrition factors that have been determined to influence athletic performance and emerging trends in the field of sports nutrition. Athletes should be referred to a registered dietitian/nutritionist for a personalized nutrition plan. In the United States and in Canada, the Certified Specialist in Sports Dietetics (CSSD) is a registered dietitian/nutritionist and a credentialed sports nutrition expert.


Position Statement

It is the position of Dietitians of Canada, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and the American College of Sports Medicine that the performance of, and recovery from, sporting activities are enhanced by well-chosen nutrition strategies. These organizations provide guidelines for the appropriate type, amount and timing of intake of food, fluids and dietary supplements to promote optimal health and sport performance across different scenarios of training and competitive sport.

This paper outlines the current energy, nutrient, and fluid recommendations for active adults and competitive athletes. These general recommendations can be adjusted by sports dietitians to accommodate the unique issues of individual athletes regarding health, nutrient needs, performance goals, physique characteristics (i.e., body size, shape, growth, and composition), practical challenges and food preferences.
 

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George Cho